Misunderstanding Jesus: If You Don’t Have a Sword, Sell Your Cloak and Buy One


There’s much talk these days (and these decades) about second amendment rights in the U.S., the particular amendment that focuses on the right to bear arms. For those Christians who champion this right, one obvious goal is to find biblical support for the claim.

Many times, there is a naive perspective floating around that says something like this: “God said it; I believe it; that settles it.” If God “said it” in his word (the keyword being “it,” referring to bearing arms), then we are now authorized to practice it.

One of the main go-to Scripture passages for those who promote the private right to bear arms (and use those arms) is found in Jesus’ words in Luke 22:

36 He said to them, “But now if you have a purse, take it, and also a bag; and if you don’t have a sword, sell your cloak and buy one. 37 It is written: ‘And he was numbered with the transgressors’; and I tell you that this must be fulfilled in me. Yes, what is written about me is reaching its fulfillment.”

38 The disciples said, “See, Lord, here are two swords.”

“That’s enough!” he replied.

The highlighted portion contains the most important of words.

But what is really going on in the text here?

For starters, as we refer to it, this is Christ’s “passion week.” Jesus has just had his “last supper” with his closest friends and now he is to be betrayed by the infamous, Judas Iscariot. This is all headed towards the greatest act of self-sacrificial love ever known to humanity – the crucifixion of God’s son and messiah.

Jesus has just reminded his friends about an earlier expedition he had sent them on. In preparation, he had told them not to take purse, bag or sandals. Standing before his disciples now, he asks a simple question – Did you lack anything?

Their quick response was, “No.”

But the tables have turned of sorts. Jesus says it’s now time to take up purse and bag. Of even greater interest is that he replaces the word sandals with sword. If they didn’t have a sword, no problem. They could sell their cloaks to obtain one.

Hardship was coming; enemies were on the prowl. Grab your stuff and get ready for the attack; get ready to defend yourselves with sword.

At least that’s what it seems to suggest on the surface.

Yet, what many fail to do is to continue reading the Gospel narrative.

Jesus immediately quotes Isa 53:12: And he was numbered with the transgressors.

It’s interesting how this little statement about being numbered with transgressors is embedded within the context of Isaiah’s final servant song (52:13-53:12). Though originally the Isaiah passage spoke of the old Hebrew people within the context of their own collective suffering, we as the followers of Jesus identify the song as expounding upon the most gruesome of events in history – the crucifixion of God’s messiah, the holy and innocent one.

In this Isaianic poem, we are told the innocent messiah would be reckoned as a transgressor, or literally as a rebel. He was no transgressor; he was no rebel. He was right, good and innocent. Still, he would be counted as such.

This is what was taking place: Jesus’ words were employing a prophetic drama that would be integral in playing out his own sacrifice of self. However, what he was not doing was laying forth some kind of “command for all time” about weaponry that he expected his followers to embrace. These words were not arguing for personal self-preservation; they were not prescribing an opportunity to kill any intruder; they were not advocating retributive violence. Nothing of the sort.

If they were, then the cross means absolutely nothing!

Take up arms to defeat your enemies!

That’s the exact opposite message of the cross.

This becomes clear when Jesus’ friends say, “Hey, we have two swords!” Jesus responds with, “That’s enough.”

Were two swords really going to defeat the onslaught that was forthcoming? Really?! Two swords for a mob? Two swords when facing Rome’s contingency over the next couple of days?

Of course not.

I’m not quite sure of the body language and tone in Jesus’ statement, “That’s enough,” but I imagine a deep sigh and a looking up to the Father as if to acknowledge his friends just don’t get it.

Not only that, but if we dip into the other Gospel accounts, we find a rebuke when Peter actually does pull out his sword to lop off one of the soldier’s ears: “Put your sword back in its place, for all who draw the sword will die by the sword” (Matt 26:52).

What was taking place is that those who were his closest friends were abandoning the ways of Jesus, invoking the ways of rebels and Rome, embracing violence through the sword. Hence, as the well-known suffering servant song went, Jesus was going to be counted amongst the transgressing rebels.

However, we are certain of one thing: In this atrocious act of capital punishment at the cross, the great evils of the age, the powers and authorities, would be disarmed (Col 2:15). Jesus did this not with a sword, not with a weapon, but with self-sacrificial love expressed in a bloody death.

And, as Isaiah expresses elsewhere, this was to propel us toward a new day and era:

They will beat their swords into plowshares
    and their spears into pruning hooks.
Nation will not take up sword against nation,
    nor will they train for war anymore. (Isa 2:4)

We still await that day, at least fully. The followers of Jesus can begin now. If we do, it would resemble the one we are named after. That’s exactly what our early sisters and brothers did. In the midst of grave injustice, great persecution, and the slaughtering of many, they maintained the perspective of self-sacrificial love. Read the stories in church history.

It’s difficult. I cannot even imagine – for Jesus or his early followers. But that is the call of the cruciform life shaped after the crucified one. I imagine the grace will be sufficient at the time it is needed.

There are many other Scripture passages worth considering on the topic of bearing arms. My great challenge here is that we stop mis-utilizing Luke 22. Those words do not empower Christians (Christ-followers) to bear arms. America might allow one thing, and we have to wisely and collectively consider what our government allows. But the words of Jesus in Luke 22 and the second amendment are not one and the same.

14 thoughts on “Misunderstanding Jesus: If You Don’t Have a Sword, Sell Your Cloak and Buy One

    • Ha, yes it was, at least in as much as it got me thinking how that one passage in Luke is continually mis-utilized. Michael was quoting it regularly. I had responded in a couple of comments on his FB threads, but thought I’d just turn things into a blog post.

  1. I disagree, I am also a pastor.
    If you saw a woman being raped or a child being assaulted, would you not think to try to stop the attacker?
    A gun is that exact same thought. Because it holds the power to stop an attack. Does God war against those that attack HIS people? Yes… Yes HE does.
    If HE told Peter to not use the sword it was to carry out God’s purpose and to be sacrafised for our sins. Either way I do mot see how one way of thinking or the other would cost us our salvation.

    • JT – Thanks for the comment.

      I think there is a difference between protective justice and retributive justice. We are called to protect. But I think we also need to recognize that protection does not have to be accomplished through violent measures of guns.

      Does God war? I think this concept is centered primarily in the OT and we know the OT is not the full story, it doesn’t give the full picture of who God is. It’s Jesus that does that. And we see Jesus’ message centrally focused in loving our enemies, not violently getting back at them; that we turn the other cheek, rather than retaliate; that he would even allow sacrificial death to himself rather than retaliate. This is a hard call & I don’t have all the answers to the practical, everyday questions. But it is our calling. And the early church loved this out well, even under Rome’s oppression.

      • I understand your view.
        As a Husband I am called to protect my family. A gun offerss that protection.
        A well minded man would have a gun… Because it is the great equalizer when faced with an unwarrented threat, if a husband does not have such weapon and fails his calling of protection due to not having this weapon then I would think he would have wished he could have had one and done all in his power to protect his family and not have them go through devastating and tramatic loss. A gun is most necessary as a Protector & we are called to orotect according to your statement.

      • There is a difference and that is the point… a point which you chose yo ignore in yourcarticlevto promote your own ideology. The passage DOES empower Christians to bear arms, a claim you deny with no proof. But empowerment for what purpose? For protection from mobs and rogue governments in evil times. That was what the disciples were left with as Jesus went to the cross. As Jesus said, it was a time when the prince of darkness would come and have his way for a season. Just like in WW1 and 2, and multiple dangerous times for Christians around the world, we must preach peace not war but be prepared to defend our families, the downtrodden and our fellow Christian’s, verbally and with the sword when necessary.

  2. “For as lightning that comes from the East is visible eve in the Wes, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.” MATHEW (24:27)
    “God has appointed me to remove the rift that has appeared between God and His creation and instead re-estabilish a relationship of love and sincerety between them. Likewise by proclaiming truth, bring an end to religious wars thus laying the foundation for peace, and reveal those spirtual truths that have become hidden.”
    Promised Messiah (a.s)

    Love for all, hatred for none.

  3. He was sending them out among the wolves and he meant for them to survive to carry his word of love to those who would hear it. It’s the old adage of “you have to break some eggs to make an omelet”. So don’t go out and hunt down alleged thieves but don’t let them endanger you and yours, protect yourself with a weapon if necessary.

  4. Wow! THE word sword means many things, even joy. “Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send [or bring] peace, but a sword.” The text of Matthew’s Gospel in the Book of Kells alters gladium, the Vulgate translation of makhairan “sword”, to gaudium “joy”, resulting in a reading of “I came not [only] to bring peace, but [also] joy”.
    Can you buy joy? No! Jesus did tell them to buy a sword (why or was he just being sarcastic?) and he also told his disciple to put it away when confronted with swords. Luke 12:49-53
    I am come to send fire on the earth; and what will I, if it be already kindled? Hmm… what is your misunderstanding of the words fire and kindled? Spreading Joy? His Words are no longer spoken on earth? Is not this all part of the fullfillment, God’s will? Interpretations or sometimes words have two meanings.
    Christan: Death means Life in Heaven.
    Atheists: Life ends after Death.
    Reality: Everyone but you misunderstood what Jesus said.

    If only good people go to heaven and those people ‘proclaim’ themselves to be a liberal, like Jesus, who would want to go to heaven? lol

  5. Its truly disgusting to see our Christian faith be used as always to make us weak as Gods followers are to be STRONG. The vatican has a statue of St Ignatius Leola holding the Jesuit constitution whist trampling underfoot a Christian holding the Bible.. You all need to wake up and see what those in power have done to Christians.
    There will NEVER be a man without a sword or rifle because there will ALWAYS be a man there to try and take it! To the person that wrote in the way supporting mans anti-gun law.. Go to hell as that is the side you stand on along with the other men who are weak and hide behind false words and false faith.. You know where you will be when the lights go out in this world and it will not be by our Lords side.

  6. When Jesus used a whip to drive out the money changers in his father’s house
    Proved he believed in the use of violence against evil doers

  7. The swords were for travel and the road. Twisting this to be anything different is incorrect and feels stretched. There is no moral superiority to having ones family, nation, people, raped murdered persecuted and killed if we are led and guided to be protectors in the physical as well as the spiritual. The tool used for this has no bearing on its righteousness. Whether one uses a toothbrush or an AR15 is irrelevant, except that one is more effective in certain circumstances. We can still be meek and turn our cheek and pray for our enemies in 98% of incidents. Reserving the right to stand firm in the other 2% is not anti christ. Only the most domesticated of humans would ever deem it so. Training helps alleviate this hesitancy, and brings one into a state of mind and body capable of being a peaceful, spiritual, warrior.

  8. Unprovoked violence – No.
    Defensive violence – Yes.

    It’s common sense.

    And last I checked, Jesus hasn’t returned yet, meaning his followers remain under threat and have the God given right of self defense.

    PS- Don’t bring a sword to a gunfight.

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