The Glory of the Church

One passage to which God awoke me a few months back is found in the short by powerful letter of Ephesians. This little epistle, written near the end of Paul’s life, is packed with so much from the first verse until the last verse. It makes for one of my more favourite sections of Scripture.

The specific passage I am stirred about is found embedded in chapter 3. Within this section of the letter, Paul takes time to explain his specific ministry to the Gentiles, or the importance behind it. He had been given an amazing stewardship of God’s grace, which was to make known the mystery of Christ, or the mystery of the gospel. Actually, this mystery is referred four times in vs2-9.

The mystery of Christ was 1) made known by revelation, 2) it had not been made fully known in previous generations, and 3) it was now being revealed to the apostles and prophets of the new covenant.

And the revelation of that mystery was that the Gentiles were fellow heirs, members of the same body, partakers of the promises in Christ through the gospel. What fantastic news for planet earth! That, in Christ, we can become heirs, joined to the one body, and become partakers of the promises that are found in Christ. This isn’t just religious mumbo-jumbo, but a rich inheritance that we now have in Christ!

Paul goes on to share that he was made a minister (or servant) of this good news via the gift of God’s grace, given by God’s power, and he was to proclaim the unsearchable riches of Christ, continuing to bring light (or unveiling that revelation he has received) about the mystery that had been hidden for ages.

A fantastic ministry of which we all reap the benefits to this day!

But here is the passage that stirs me quite deeply. It’s found in vs10-11:

10so that through the church the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly places. 11This was according to the eternal purpose that he has realised in Christ Jesus our Lord

Did you catch that?! Maybe read it again slowly.

The manifold wisdom of God is going to be made known to the rulers and authorities in heavenly places. But through whom?

The church – The ekklesia. The body of Christ. The people of God.

That is outstanding news! That God would display and reveal His wisdom via His church.

I know we look around and think, ‘Huh? What?’ We believe we don’t see it. We believe this can’t be true.

But the thing is, this is true. This is connected to the revelation Paul is bringing and part of that revelation is not only that the Gentiles get to be included in this body, this ekklesia, but that this ekklesia, this church, is the main vehicle of displaying God’s wisdom. And our call is not only to display it to ourselves or humanity (thought that is also true), but to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly places. This is a far-reaching ministry we have.

Not only that, but Paul says this was God’s eternal purpose, but only now is it [fully] realised in Christ Jesus our Lord.

This was his plan from the beginning, or from eternity. This is why I am convinced that the ekklesia is true Israel and true Israel is the ekklesia. There is one body, one people in Christ – believing Jew and Gentile. And that was God’s eternal purpose from the beginning. And it would be through this one new humanity (see Ephesians 2:12-22) that God would display the glory of His manifold wisdom.

What do you do with these two verses?

Hope is stirred. Prophetic vision is stirred. Faith is stirred. Agape is stirred. This stirs deep inside to the greater thing that God is doing in this world, including the unseen realm.

Let us take up this charge, this exhortation, this reminder of Paul. Let us align our lives with the eternal purpose of God.

This Is Not What Church Is About

Those who know me will know that I have a deep desire and passion for the church to be what Jesus intended it to be. I cannot be moved from this. If you have seen what Jesus intended the church to truly be, then you won’t be easily satisfied with anything less, whatever form ‘church’ might take.

I believe that, at its foundation, church is relational. The reason? Because God is relational within the Trinity and with us. It’s is more than just a bunch of people in relationship. But, at its core, the church is called to emulate God Himself in being relational. If church is first and foremost about management, then the leadership will be come task masters and the people caught up in merely performing tasks, even if those tasks look ‘fun’. That is not healthy.

But remember, when I say the church is relational at its core, I do not mean that it is a social club. Sure, within the body of Christ, we make and grow friendships. But if it stops there, if the idea is mainly about ‘hanging out’ on a Sunday (on whenever) with some friends, then we have still missed the point. We have still not seen what Jesus is building.

The thing is that we are headed somewhere together, ultimately to see the kingdom rule of God come on earth as it is in heaven, to see the body of Christ reach full unity and maturity in the faith, and all the while being salt and light across our entire lives to the people of this God-created world in which we live.

Also, if we don’t see what Jesus Himself is building, then we will probably just end up building like the church down the street, or according to what we’ve read in a book, or what we’ve seen on television. It’s not that we cannot learn from others. Of course we can. But again, we are not called to note what a church with a few thousand are doing and then implement their programme so we, too, can reach their place of growth. In the end, it is about seeing what Jesus is building and listening to what God would want to do in our midst.

So, we can build social clubs and audience-oriented services, all in the name of being culturally relevant, which, by the way, I am for being relevant in culture. But if that is our foundation, it will ultimately be shakeable. And shakeable things will ultimately be removed (Hebrews 12:26-28). That is not a doomsday prophecy by any means, it’s just reality. And I’m positive some shaking will come to my life as well.

For your own viewing sake, below is a video parody put together by North Point Church in Alpharetta, Georgia, led by Andy Stanley. I believe this was a parody, thus, it is a bit of an exaggeration. Still, though it is a bit over-the-top, it is amazing how this does speak into many parts of the church. But this is not the foundation of what church is. This is not necessarily what Jesus had in mind. Again, remember, I’m not one against being culturally relevant. But view this parody and remember we are called to so much more as the body and bride of Jesus Himself. Let us see what Jesus is building and participate accordingly.

The Body of Christ Continuing the Ministry of Christ

I’m rolling out a longer series on what is known as the five-fold ministries of Ephesians 4:11-13. Here is my thesis thus far, as summarised in these three statements below:

  1. Upon His ascension to the Father, Jesus began gifting people in all five of the Ephesians 4 ministries – apostles, prophets, evangelists, shepherds (pastors), and teachers. As the Ephesians passage above makes clear, these ministries are given to equip the body of Christ and help prepare them to outwork the ministry of Christ in the world today. (You can read more here and here.)
  2. Jesus Christ was the greatest to function in all five of these ministries – the greatest apostle, the greatest prophet, the greatest evangelist, the greatest shepherd and the greatest teacher. We can only function in these ministries as we look to Him who was faithful in all five. (You can read more here and here.)
  3. The Holy Spirit was sent in the place of the resurrected and ascended Christ, all to continue the full work of Christ. As ‘another Helper’, just as if Christ were still here in active ministry, He is the apostolic, prophetic, evangelistic, shepherding and teaching Spirit. (You can read more here and here.)

But the major premise of this article is that the entire body of Christ, the one new man in Christ (see Ephesians 2:13-16), has been called to be all of Christ to all of the earth. Thus, with such a calling to fulfil the ministry of Christ, this means we, as the body, are to walk as an apostolic, prophetic, evangelistic, shepherding and teaching community.

No, I’m not at the place yet of showing why I believe apostles and prophets still exist today (I won’t need to prove to anyone that evangelists, shepherds-pastors and teachers still exist). I’m simply showing how the body of Christ is called to fulfil all ministries of Christ by the power of the Spirit of Christ. Thus, we are inherently an apostolic, prophetic, evangelistic, shepherding and teaching people.

But let’s move on…

God’s People in Their Apostolic Role

What is an apostle again? Essentially a ‘sent one’. That’s what it means to be apostolic in its essence.

Thus, I think we all can recognise that God’s people have been sent into the world to be a mission-minded people. This is our apostolic calling! We see this in the Great Commission of Matthew 28:18-20 and through the apostolic commission of Acts 1:8 in which we were sent to the ends of the earth.

God has called us to be ‘ministers of reconciliation’ proclaiming that, in Christ, God is reconciling people to Himself (2 Corinthians 5:18-20). Therefore, we are to be a company of apostles with an apostolic mission in this world.

God’s People in Their Prophetic Role

I’m not sure I need to put to much here, as I wrote a whole article on the topic of the prophethood of all believers. Yep, you read correctly. Of course we are a priesthood as well. But we are also a prophethood (and even what we might call a ‘royalhood’, but that’s another day and time.)

We can see this overall call to the body of Christ through Peter’s quotation of Joel in his Pentecost sermon. After the Spirit had been poured out, this is what Peter says:

16 But this is what was uttered through the prophet Joel:
17 “‘And in the last days it shall be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh, and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
and your young men shall see visions,
and your old men shall dream dreams;
18 even on my male servants and female servants
in those days I will pour out my Spirit, and they shall prophesy. (Acts 2:16-18)

Peter has a revelation that, what Joel had prophesied long ago, it was being fulfilled right in their midst. Joel had said that, in the last days, the Spirit would be poured out on all flesh (Joel 2:28-29)!

No longer would there be a gender divide of who is qualified to receive the Spirit – sons and daughters, males and females would both be included. And there would also be no more age barrier – young and old were both included. The Spirit was now available to all of God’s people, not just a select few.

What was the fruit of such an outpouring of the Spirit: ‘and they shall prophesy’ (Acts 2:18). Moses had made God’s heart clear long ago, but here was the fulfilment of those words uttered long ago:

Would that all the LORD’s people were prophets, that the LORD would put his Spirit on them! (Numbers 11:29)

Thus, at Pentecost, we see the firstfruits of the prophethood of all believers. And for the past 2,000 years, God has continued to utilise his prophetic community in the earth.

God’s People in Their Evangelistic Role

We already touched on this somewhat in the apostolic role of God’s people, but just as a reminder, we are a people who have been sent into the world with good news. That’s what evangelists are – bearers of God news. And I would venture to say that the entire body of Christ, though maybe not each individual gifted as an evangelist, has good news to share.

We are an evangelistic people who bear the gospel, looking to make disciples of those who respond.

God’s People in Their Shepherding Role

Sure, as with the rest of these five ministry gifts, Jesus gifts specific people as pastor-shepherds, though I suppose we easily get off-base with what this gift really is about. But we, as a community of God’s people, are also called together to care for one another. With the Spirit in us, we can offer words of strength, encouragement and challenge as we sense God’s leading. What a great opportunity to care for those in our family, the body of Christ.

Below are just a couple of passages for consideration:

24…But God has so composed the body, giving greater honour to the part that lacked it, 25 that there may be no division in the body, but that the members may have the same care for one another. (1 Corinthians 12:24-25)

1 Brothers, if anyone is caught in any transgression, you who are spiritual should restore him in a spirit of gentleness. Keep watch on yourself, lest you too be tempted. 2 Bear one another’s burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ. (Galatians 6:1-2)

I’ve always loved these words of spiritual writer Larry Crabb:

‘That cry from your heart is your longing to be part of a true church, to participate in spiritual community, to engage in spiritual conversations of worship with God and co-journeying with others. You yearn for a safe place, a community of friends who are hungry for God, who know what it means to sense the Spirit moving within them as they speak with you. You long for brothers and sisters who are intent not on figuring out how to improve your life, but on being with you wherever your journey leads. You want to know and be known in conversations that aren’t really about you or anyone else but Christ.’ (The Safest Place on Earth, p19)

God’s People in Their Teaching Role

The new covenant declares the great truth that God’s people could know God themselves. There would be no need for the mediatoral work of a special group of people.

31 “Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, 32 not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant that they broke, though I was their husband, declares the LORD. 33 But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the LORD: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 34 And no longer shall each one teach his neighbour and each his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the LORD. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.” (Jeremiah 31:31-34)

This does not mean we completely negate the role and function of teachers, as other passages show the importance of such, especially the Scripture we are looking at in Ephesians 4. But we no longer need such a sacerdotal system to act as mediators, since we are all part of the royal and holy priesthood of God (see 1 Peter 2:4-10).

We are the ones who have been set free by the truth (John 8:31-32 ). Thus, we are not called to solely study God’s Word so that we can be puffed up with great theological knowledge (see 1 Corinthians 8:1 ). Such completely misses the point. Rather, we study His God-breathed Word so that we can be used in helping others know God for themselves, being set free by the truth. This we can do in the strength of God’s Spirit.

Some Summary Thoughts

Thus, the community of Christ continues to have the call to be all of Christ in all of the world. This means embracing our apostolic, prophetic, evangelistic, shepherding and teaching ministry as the whole body of Christ together. Of course, Christ gifts various individuals in these ministries, with these particular people helping us be better equipped and more effective in this areas of ministry. But we should never negate our calling as a whole community.

And, I suppose that, as we do this together, we will have quite an effective ministry amongst the world in which we live.

Here I share why this all really does matter.

Each One Really Does Have

2006_wdacl_togetherI have previously posted along the lines of what I am writing about today. So, forgive me if I bore some of you. But I think it’s ok to share frequently about a topic that is dear to one’s heart. And so I take up the privilege of doing so.

One of my favourite passages in all of Scripture is found here:

What is the outcome then, brethren? When you assemble, each one has a psalm, has a teaching, has a revelation, has a tongue, has an interpretation. Let all things be done for edification. (1 Corinthians 14:26 NASB)

Specifically, I love that little phrase, ‘each one has’.

Can you imagine it?

What if the church, the ekklesia of God, actually lived out the reality what this verse says? What if our gatherings actually consisted of the reality that each one has?

Well, I believe a few things would begin to happen:

1) Simply, we would be living out Biblical truth and the heart of God.

2) The saints, God’s people, would begin to more regularly grow up into maturity.

3) We would truly be walking out what it means to be the body.

4) We would receive greater blessing, encouragement and strength from the whole body of Christ.

5) There would be a lot more variety, which would inevitably lead to us being less stale. (Note: I am not up for variety just for variety’s sake, nor to make us somehow ‘hip’. I’m up for doing this because Scripture makes clear it is important and that we should do it for edifying the body.)

And there are probably a host of other things we could list.

Now, there is the other side of the coin as well if we look to walk out 1 Corinthians 14:26. We will have to utilise the wisdom of God a little more in our Sunday gatherings and even outside our Sunday gatherings.

What I mean is this – If the leadership of a local congregation does not allow for the possibility of each one to have, meaning everything is left down to one or two people, then there is a lot more control over the situation. You don’t have to worry if Suzy is going to share another ‘ethereal’ prophecy that no one understands. You don’t have to worry if Bobby will keep asking to share that important teaching that he believes God is stirring in him, but it actually is only something God is doing personally in Bobby rather than what God wants to do in the midst of the whole body.

But, if we let go of control, though we will have to consider dealing with those ‘dirty diapers’, I believe beyond a shadow of a doubt that we will begin to see the heart of God enacted in our church communities more and more if we look to live out the truth of 1 Corinthians 14:26.

Good shepherds (elder-pastors) will watch over the flock making sure that unhealthy things are guarded against, or if something does happen, to then give a gentle correction to help refocus on what is true.

But true and Biblical shepherds desire to see the flock grow up and head towards maturity. And allowing for each one to be able to give and serve (not just in passing out a bulletin) through their spiritual giftings is important.

Now, of course, by no means do I believe this verse teaches that each one should share at every gathering. Rather, the potential of such is available to all those indwelt by God the Spirit Himself. Think about it: if 50 or 100 followers of Christ join together to meet with God and one another, I could only assume that there are more than two people in the midst of the congregation that have something to bring. It is inevitable, and even if not every single person is truly pursuing God, for there are those who are walking with Him.

Now, for the mega-church, this becomes somewhat difficult. But that is the problem. John on the 17th row can easily be forgotten in the midst of have 2,000 people joining together. And with such a large amount of people, you don’t have time to consider whether another 5 or 10 people might have something with which they could edify the congregation. Instead, you usually have the few qualified experts who can do it better than everyone else anyways. So why open the door for Suzy and Bobby?

Well, for starters: 1) You are missing an important teaching of Scripture and 2) you leave out an opportunity for God’s people to grow and step out in faith with the gifts He has given.

I know that such churches will say, ‘But we have small groups for that.’ And, you know what? I think 1 Corinthians 14:26 needs to be practiced in small groups as well. That is important.

But, read the context of 1 Corinthians 14. Paul is talking about the larger gathering of the church, not small groups. So, in our sense, he is talking about our Sunday gatherings. Paul expects the ‘each one has’ to be practiced in our Sunday morning gatherings (or whenever we meet). He does not want it simply relegated to small groups. But how many churches really walk this out?

For the mega-church that cannot walk out 1 Corinthians 14:26, then my suggestion is to expand outwards and stop building upwards. Take your 2,000 people and plant 10 new churches. Not only will you get more opportunity to enact these words of Paul, you will get more opportunity to train up new leaders and reach people like they did in Acts. This isn’t a novel idea. It is what they did in Acts.

For the ‘seeker-sensitive’ church that relegates such (especially tongues) to small groups for the sake of not disturbing seekers that attend a Sunday gathering, I would challenge such a perspective. The goal should not be to squelch what Paul says is important to practice. Rather it is to teach it and practice it in a healthy manner. So, when a prophecy or tongue is shared, give a healthy explanation of what has just happened. Hey, it will probably be helpful to those who are already part of the church community as well.

In the end, if something has been practiced in a Biblical manner and the shepherds have done well to guard against anything unhealthy, as well as giving an explanation to help clarify, then we really don’t need to worry about who got offended. It’s ok if one or two or a handful of people don’t return. The goal is not more people, per se. The goal is to truly reach people with Christ and see the church mature. At least that is the goal in Scripture.

And, not only that, but let me just go ahead and say that ‘each one has’ involves women as well. Each one has is not relegated to the male figure. For those who think the word brethren underlines that only men should be involved in such, then you need to go back and study what the word adelphoi means in the original Greek. Also, check out 1 Corinthians 11:5 – ‘but every women who prays or prophesies.’

And these women might just be used with a teaching or [prophetic] revelation. Yes, truly so! Read the verse again.

Of course this list is not exhaustive. I believe it to be a summary of things, especially knowing that Paul lists a few other things in 1 Corinthians 12:4-11, as well as other places like Romans 12.

In all, my passion – no, God’s passion – is to see a healthy and mature church. He doesn’t want everything left down to the experts, if we can indeed somehow call ourselves experts. He gifts and calls people to serve in so many varying capacities. And we must give each one the room to serve and express their unique giftings and callings in Christ.

What a transformation that would take place if we truly walked out 1 Corinthians 14:26!

Some Thoughts On The Body

CommunityWe are all probably familiar with the descriptive imagery of God’s people as a body. For some, it is probably an overused image. But I still consider it as one of the most beautiful and enlightening metaphors to describe the people of God.

And, we also know that one of the most important passages that teaches us how the church is to function like a body is found in 1 Corinthians 12:12-31. No doubt that, when reading this passage, we must guard against the words being all too familiar, lest we disregard the life-giving words.

While you can take time to read the passage yourself (by clicking on the link above), I wanted to draw out 8 points I find very helpful from the passage. Though some points will be common to all, I do hope there will be some fresh understanding for all as well.

1. A body calls for unity (vs12-13).

While I believe God has called his worldwide body to unity, it is interesting to note that Paul gave these words to the local gathering of the Corinthians. I would say that worldwide unity of the body of Christ starts at the local level. How many local churches struggle with true unity? Most, if not all.

But how is unity created? I am not sure it first comes through Bible study of doctrine, per se, though those things are important. I believe it is, first and foremost, created through serving one another. It is amazing how unity is formed through washing people’s feet. But, most of the time, we don’t want to go there – because we don’t have time, we don’t have the vision for it, the other person has hurt us, etc. But I believe this stuff is the ‘bread and butter’ of seeing unity outworked in our midst.

And I love how all of this truly echoes Jesus’ words in John 17:20-23.

It might do us well to ponder afresh what it means to be unified, starting at the local body level.

2. A body has no room for individualism (vs14).

Unfortunately, the theology of many Christians is founded on this statement – me, Jesus and my Bible. But there is a major problem with such an ideology. It’s not found anywhere on the lips of Jesus, or in all of Scripture. Sure, we are called to each walk with God, that ‘personal relationship’, if you will. So I don’t want to negate such.

But we are also in this together as a covenant community. We have been joined together. It is about us and we much more than it is about I or me. Again, I am thinking back to Jesus’ prayer as recorded in John’s Gospel. I don’t want to live out the ‘lone ranger’ mentality, for I know we can accomplish so much more together than alone. And, again, let this start at the local level before trying to imagine such amongst the worldwide body of Christ.

3. A body allows for diversity (vs15-20).

What many of us really desire is that people were more like us, right? But, can I just say I am glad we are not all like you, or all like me. What a definitely boring idea if everyone were gifted in the same way. I’m glad God was not that boring in creating us.

Rather, Christ’s church must recognise that we are all created with different personalities and that God gifts each person differently. And this should definitely be seen as a plus rather than a negative. I am more of a teacher-pastor. So I am glad God gifts others in other areas. And even God has put together other teacher-pastors different from me. But we are not called to control the body of Christ and make them become us. They are to become Christ-like in who they are in Christ.

In all, we need the full reality of Christ through the full reality of His body.

4. A body recognises that God arranges as He chooses (vs18, see also vs11).

This really relates to the point I just made in #3. Such knowledge gives freedom for diversity and allows each member of the whole body to function in all that God has called them to. If you have a probably with Suzy being gifted and shaped in certain ways in regards to her calling in Christ, then take it up with Him, not her.

Of course, this does not give room for sin. Sin must be dealt with, though I suppose we don’t always deal with it in the most godly and compassionate of ways. But we need diversity or we will die out. I restate it – I am so glad God is not so boring as to create us all the same.

5. A body has interdependency and need of the others (vs21).

This echoes point #2 that I emphasised out of vs14. Even in our diverse personality and gifting, we are called to abstain from being overly individualistic. We are called to communion with one another, to building one another up, to being in relationship with one another, to be dependent upon one another. I think that church in Jerusalem following Pentecost had a pretty good idea about this (Acts 2:42-47).

6. A body sees the glory of weakness (vs22-24).

What a contradictory statement for the world, and maybe even for most of Christianity. While many love to focus on our strengths, and God does give us strengths, we are actually in need of those weaker parts as well.

It is Paul who reminds us that, as with our own physical bodies, we give more attention to the weaker parts. Do we not? Next time you stub your time, record your reaction. You will immediately hunch over, grab the hurt toe, pull that foot in the air, hop on the one good foot, make weird noises, and then go on to clean and dress the wound as needed. You took good care of that weaker part.

But, even more, the weaker parts are actually much needed. I have a friend with Asperger’s syndrome. Now, at the college where I used to be on staff, this student was given special assistance by another upperclass student, to help with studies, be there as a specific friend, providing any help where needed. And this student did need the special attention. But, you know what? In reality, in retrospect, I realised how much we were all being blessed by him. His childlike faith, his submitted heart, his willing spirit, his learning attitude. God taught us a lot from this one ‘weaker’ vessel.

And, let’s just be honest, we are all weak apart from the grace and power of God. So let’s get on with valuing those weaker parts. They have something to offer as well.

7. A body understands the importance of caring (vs25-26).

As a body, we are also a family. Family want to care one for another. We want to provide, serve, give, listen, share, and so much more. This is a great opportunity to imitate our Father who is so excellent at all of these things Himself.

8. A body understands we already are the body and we are not trying to get there (vs27).

I think this is a good point to end out on. Most of the time, we spend so much effort trying to attain something that is already ours in Christ. We already are saints, we already are sons and daughters, we already are forgiven, and, even in one sense, we are already reigning with Christ in the heavenlies (Ephesians 2:6).

Therefore, we already are a body. This is why Paul exhorted us to be ‘eager to maintain the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace’ (Ephesians 4:3). We are already here. So let’s be encouraged to walk out who we already are.

So, I have shared eight points I find highlighted in Paul’s well-known passage about God’s people functioning as a body. If we can catch a vision of what Christ meant when He meant His body, then I believe we will have an effect upon this planet like we’ve yet known.