I think it’s quite evident by now that I have slowly been working my way through a series on the five-fold ministries of Ephesians 4, specifically those gifts listed in vs11. Those five ministry gifts are identified by Paul as apostles, prophets, evangelists, shepherds and teachers.
I am well aware that many people would disagree with my conclusion that apostles and prophets are still much needed amongst the body of Christ today in an effort to help God’s people continue to be fully equipped and prepared for works of service. At least that is what Paul said these ministry gifts are for. And, interestingly enough, he says that these gifts were given ‘until we all attain to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to mature manhood, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ’.
I think we would all agree we are not there yet, hence the continuing need of these ministries to help us move towards that goal of unity and maturity. And with Jesus being the greatest one to ever function in all five of these ministries, and with Him sending the Spirit to continue in all five of these ministries, then I would only, could only, expect that He would desire His body to continue functioning in all five of these ministries.
Of course, many would say, ‘It’s not that simple, Scott.’ Well, I lean towards it being that simple. But I am willing to walk down the not-so-worn path of biblically and theologically considering all things necessary.
I shared in my last article why I believe this all matters practically. I have continually emphasised that we are called to be all of Jesus to all of the world. So that means that all the ministries of Jesus would be presently needed.
Of course, I’m not too worried about titles, though I would remind us that these five ministries are just that – ministry gifts – and not titles. Therefore, in the end, the most important thing is not whether or not we officially recognise present day apostles and prophets. Jesus wasn’t recognised by the main religious establishment of His day. But He just got on with what He was sent to do.
Thus, the important thing is that we, as the body of Christ, get on with functioning apostolically and prophetically in this world, as well as evangelistically, pastorally and as teachers of truth. That is our mandate in fulfilling the ministry of Christ.
But I do want to visit one other area before moving on to more of an apologetic for the present day ministries of apostles of prophets. What I want to do is consider some important characteristics about those who would function in these ministry roles, meaning all five of them, not just apostles and prophets.
I am well aware, almost too aware, of the reality that there are many today walking around calling themselves apostles and prophets. In some circles, it is the trend and excitement of the day. But, unfortunately, many of these people have no idea what it means to function in apostolic or prophetic ministries. And their lack of understanding seems to start at the more basic level rather than the specific intricacies of the ministries, in that they don’t really emulate the heart of Jesus in their ministry.
And so there are a few practical realities that these people must be willing to walk out in their lives or we then they really don’t know what it means to be an apostle or a prophet, at least in the sense of how Jesus walked them out.
Thus, below, I list five characteristics that I believe are absolutely needed in the life of any leader, not just apostles and prophets.
What I find unfortunate is that so many people, I’m talking about Christians here, think that leadership is all about the glamour and the stage. There is an over-obsession with the platform, the microphone, the attention. They flock to it.
But nothing could be further from the truth. Leadership, especially apostolic and prophetic leadership, must understand that we are first and foremost called to be servants. Jesus said it this way:
25 But Jesus called them to him and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them. 26 It shall not be so among you. But whoever would be great among you must be your servant, 27 and whoever would be first among you must be your slave, 28 even as the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” (Matthew 20:25-28)
The idea that greatness comes from standing before a crowd, preaching before the masses, etc, is not found in the heart of Jesus ever. He knew nothing of the sort. Matter of fact, let these words in John’s Gospel penetrate our hearts:
3 Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he had come from God and was going back to God, 4 rose from supper. He laid aside his outer garments, and taking a towel, tied it around his waist. 5 Then he poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’ feet and to wipe them with the towel that was wrapped around him. (John 13:3-5)
Here was the divine Son of God who knew that the Father had given all things into His hands. So, what does He do? He removes his outer clothing and stoops down to wash the feet of the disciples. All I can say is, ‘Absolutely astounding!’ If many of us were in that position, how would we have responded?
That is leadership, that is apostolic leadership – having a servant heart.
Somehow, many can easily turn to Acts and Paul’s letters and come to a conclusion that Paul was something of a lone ranger. But such is quite far from reality. Even more, Jesus Himself had a team mindset, even though He was the Son of God.
He continually relied on the Father (see John 5:19) and the work of the Spirit in His life (Matthew 1:18; Matthew 3:16-17; Luke 4:1-2, 14). He could envision nothing less than working with the Father and Spirit.
And, coming back to Paul, let’s consider how many people worked with him in his ministry. Paul was the pioneer of apostolic team and apostolic company. Who knows how many ministry partners Paul had. Maybe 75+.
So, teamwork is absolutely important from a biblical standpoint. There is no room for unaccountable, lone rangers spouting off their revelations. They are to stay in relationship with other leaders and the body of Christ. But let me also say that we don’t do this just to say we have it. We are called to also value such input to those we are in relationship with.
3) Called of God
You would think this would be an easy one to figure out, but many step into certain roles for many reasons apart from being called of God – pressure, popularity, selfishness, etc. But this just doesn’t work. And those trying to function in any ministry role without the calling, those people will just do damage to the body.
But how does one know they are called? Well, I would contend that, most times, it comes through the recognition of other leaders. Check out Paul and Barnabas’ apostolic calling in Acts 13:
1 Now there were in the church at Antioch prophets and teachers, Barnabas, Simeon who was called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen a member of the court of Herod the tetrarch, and Saul. 2 While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, “Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.” 3 Then after fasting and praying they laid their hands on them and sent them off. (Acts 13:1-3)
Therefore, God has not left us to fight on our own. Such thinking is absolutely unbiblical. He has given us other leaders within the body of Christ to which we are to be in relationship with, and they are present to help confirm and affirm the calling of God, especially a call to lead God’s people in any capacity.
4) Cares For People
Of course, there are those who are specifically gifted as shepherds. But there is the reality that all leaders are called to be shepherds and carers of the flock in some sense.
A prophet is not called to come in and tear everyone down. But for some reason many view prophets in such a way. As Paul clarifies:
On the other hand, the one who prophesies speaks to people for their upbuilding and encouragement and consolation. (1 Corinthians 14:3)
Shepherds want to be with the sheep, or they should. Leaders desire to be with the people they lead, for leaders ultimately lead people not programmes. Therefore, if someone does not know how to care for others, they really don’t know how to function in any ministry, much less that of an apostle and prophet.
For an interesting study, read 2 Corinthians. Paul regularly shows how his apostolic and shepherding heart were coupled together. That’s why it is one of my favourite letters.
5) Leaders Have Followers
Finally, I would remind us that leaders have followers. As I’ve probably said before, no leader is self-appointed and self-proclaimed. True leaders will be recognised by other godly leaders. And, at the same time, they will have people who follow them. Such leadership cannot be forced but comes as we serve and shepherd those within our context.
Matter of fact, before anyone is ever officially appointed into any leadership ministry and role, they should already be functioning in such. The reason why we recognise someone as an evangelist or teacher is that we see the fruit of such ministries in their lives. The same is true of apostles and prophets. These people should already be walking it out before any official recognition and laying on of hands, that being the biblical practice of recognising such ministries (see Acts 13:1-3).
But, in all, we must remember that the people are drawn to those that are truly called to lead. A leader is no leader if he or she has no followers.
So, as I end, I want to make very clear that apostles and prophets are not some kind of super-human group of which we should pay some special homage to. Nor should they be viewed as people who are not called into accountable relationships. Such is absolutely uncalled for since it is unbiblical.
These ministries, these gifted people, should understand these five characteristics, since all five were emulated in the life of Christ, Himself. These leading ministries are to be servants, understand teamwork, be called of God, deeply care for people and they will have followers.
In the next article I’ll start looking at an apologetic for the present-day ministry of apostle.